The data referring to the number of deaths from oral cancer (considering the category lip, oral cavity and pharynx) of each country, for both sexes and the age groups of 40–59 years and 60 years or more, were collected from the World Health Organization Cancer Mortality Database (, considering each year of the period between 2000 and 2015. The Gini inequality coefficient, unemployment rate, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita, GDP percentage invested in health per capita, GDP percentage invested in health by the government, GDP percentage invested in education by the government and GDP percentage invested in research and development were extracted from the World Bank indicator system (